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Because gophers are born with tiny little eyes and ears, they can easily lose their hearing and develop very poor eyesight. However, they have whiskers that help them determine where they are as they dig underground and move through tunnels. Of course their teeth are very large which gives them an advantage when eating plants, and they have claws on their front feet for them to dig into the soil effortlessly. Would you believe that these little creatures actually dig up 2 tons or dirt or more a year? Incredible! Their tunnels are not visible above ground, but they can build various tunnels underground as long as 200-300 yards and all in different directions.
While gophers mean no harm to human beings, they can certainly leave you frustrated, especially if you’re a gardener who takes pride in their work. They can pull all of your beautiful plants and flowers underground with them within seconds considering that they eat all types of plants. Not only can they ruin all of your hard work, but they can often damage underground electrical lines and pipes with their out of control digging. Eviction is necessary but will not be effortless at all.
Benefits of a Gopher in Your Yard
One thing is for sure, if you know there is a gopher on your property, you can be somewhat relieved because there will only be one at a time. They don’t like to be around other gophers and you’ll never have two in the same tunnel. Gophers are not all bad. They actually play a major role in the ecosystem. By creating the tunnels that they dig they combine fecal wastes and plant elements to improve the fertility of your soil. As a result, new soil is formed quicker due to the minerals that they bring to the surface. Of course, none of this really matters if you are plagued by the creatures and are looking for a way to get rid of them.
How to Get Rid Of Them
On the market you will find a lot of suggestions for getting rid of gophers such as baits and chemical repellants. These are solutions that can remove gophers but they do so by poisoning or harming them which is not recommended. Gopher repellants
are used as a way to attempt to get rid of gophers; however, the problem with these is that not only can they be harmful to you and the gopher, but they can also be harmful to your lawn. Besides, they don't show any real effectiveness, and they eventually wear off and need to be reapplied every so often.
Companies have come up with an idea that they think will keep gophers out of your yard and it has to do with electronics. A thin device shaped similar to a pencil is place in the soil of your yard. It then sends signals out that makes gophers agitated and want to leave. They claim that this is effective and easy to use considering you’ll only have to change the batteries in them every year. However many people deny that these work and if gophers barely can hear, how is this actually supposed to be effective? This too costs money that most people can’t afford to dish out.
Traps are the only true way to catch and remove a gopher from your yard, and you can do this without distributing any harm to them. They’re cost effective meaning that you don’t have to continually buy traps just to have a gopher return. However, it can be quite difficult to set up a trap for a gopher, but there are many experts out there who will be more than willing to catch the gopher for you and relocate him.
The traps will need to be set up near one of the gopher holes. For it to truly be effective, all holes, except for one, will need to be filled in and sealed so that the gophers have no other way to leave and search for food except the one hole you have left for them. As they come out of their hole, they will sniff or see the bait and enter the trap.
Once the gophers have been caught, you can then relocate them to another area that is suitable for their survival, or consult with an expert who will know exactly how to handle and remove the animals without harm.
How to Get Rid of Gophers in the Yard
Make sure you know what animal you are dealing with when you suspect you have a gopher infestation. Both gophers and groundhogs dig tunnel systems, but a gopher issue can be much more serious than a groundhog issue. Gopher tunnels will span a large area and can consist of multiple family groups. These communities of animals are called cities, and they operate in the same way human cities do. Family groups are looked after by sentinels. Warnings are spread through the entire group. Gopher language is thought to be complex enough to convey the species, distance and speed of a predator to other members of the group. The best way to get rid of gophers is to trap them. Small communities can be traped using live traps, but this is a slow process for even moderately sized groups. Lethal trapping is the quickest and most effective means of control. Traps are installed inside active tunnel systems. The traps are placed with special attention to location and appearance. If not set properly, gophers may abandon the tunnel and become wary of intrusion. No matter what type of trap you choose, gopher issues need to be take care of quickly before they get out of control.
How to Get Rid of Gophers in a Field
If you’ve just purchased a plot of land with the intention of working it, you should be concerned about gophers on the property. Gopher cities and communities can span for miles and can have thousands of animals living in various sections of the network. If your large property has an issue with gophers, take care of the nuisance animals before you attempt any improvements. Gopher tunnels have been known to damage equipment and can topple a building if it is erected on top of unstable ground. Getting rid of the gophers will be much more cost effective than replacing a multi-million dollar building. For gopher infestations spanning acres, professional assistance is required. Many commercial operations will have to contract the work out to get enough manpower to trap the creatures quickly and efficiently. It isn’t always necessary to remove an entire gopher city. If enough of the rodents are removed, part of the tunnel system can be collapsed and then utilized. The only concern with this method is that there is nothing stopping the gophers from reclaiming their ground years after you have built on it.
How to Get Rid of Gophers Under the House
Gophers under the house provide a challenge for the experienced trapper. When out in the open, gophers can be trapped by placing lethal traps into portions of exposed tunnels. You will not be able to access the tunnels beneath your home without the aid of a professional. If the infestation is localized to your property only, you may find some success in trapping gophers at the entrances to their burrows. Realistically traps should be set inside a tunnel. If the gopher issue on your property is only beneath your home a contractor may need to be called to advise you on how to proceed. It is possible to remove the floor in your basement to find the main tunnel in a gopher network, but it is uncommon for burrows to be only under a home. Usually there is a way to access the main tunnel from the yard. Use a probe and walk through the lawn, poking through the soil to find open spaces. Gopher tunnels under your home can cause serious damage and might result in a building collapse. If you are not successful in trapping the gophers on your own call a professional immediately.