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If you are looking to trap voles in your home then where your solution starts is by understanding that these creatures are very similar to mice. There are some differences between the two species of animal but, for the most part, they are quite similar to one another. What this means is that the same kind of measures you would take to trap a mouse you could use to trap a vole.
Where you start is by determining whether your solution is to be a permanent one or if you simply want to capture the critters. If you are looking for the more permanent option, meaning death, then there are several traps out there that will handle your problem.
Most of us are quite familiar with the mousetrap. This is nothing more than a metal or plastic base, with a metal bar that is attached to it. You place a piece of bait on the mechanism, and when the vole or mouse pulls off the bait, it unleashes the trap in the bar crushes the animal. In a matter of a second your problem is resolved.
In this day and age there are much more sophisticated kinds of traps that are available. While still using the same principles, some add such things as teeth to the snapping mechanism, ensuring that the animal has no chance of survival. Others use different means to catch the vole onto it, such as a glue, so that it is unable to get away. Any one of these can work quite well for you if you are looking for a permanent solution.
However, you may be looking to simply capture the animal so it can be let go outside. If this is the option you are choosing, then you need to look for some kind of commercial trap that will give you the ability to catch the vole. There are several great ones out there that were quite simply.
There is a door mechanism that is left open, allowing the vole to get inside. Inside the cage you place some kind of bait which you know will entice the vole to enter the trap. One of the very best ones of these to use is peanut butter, primarily because it is difficult to get off and so the vole has to work at it for a little while ensuring that it will release the trap mechanism. Once it has, the door closes in the vole is unable to get out. Now, all you have to do is take the cage outside, open the door, and let the vole head out into the wild.
Your trap issue is really nothing more than a decision on your part of what you like to be the final disposition of your vole problem. Be aware that if you decide to take the more humane approach and let the vole go then you want to ensure that you do not give it the ability to get right back into your house.
For more information, you may want to click on one of these guides that I wrote:
How To Guide: Who should I hire? - What questions to ask, to look for, who NOT to hire.
How To Guide: do it yourself! - Advice on saving money by doing wildlife removal yourself.
Guide: How much does wildlife removal cost? - Analysis of wildlife control prices.
Animals in the attic - read about the common species.
Noises in the attic - how to identify critters by their sounds.